Rome: Ara Pacis Augustae

Het Ara Pacis Augustae – het Altaar van de Augustijnse Vrede – zou men kunnen omschrijven als een monument dat op de verkeerde plek staat. Oorspronkelijk stond dit grote openluchtaltaar namelijk ergens anders in Rome. Nu treffen we het aan naast de restanten van het gigantische ronde Mausoleum van Augustus,…

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Rome: Het Pantheon

Het Pantheon is een van de bekendste bezienswaardigheden van Rome. Het dateert in zijn huidige vorm van de tweede eeuw. Bijzonder is dat het gebouw vrijwel onbeschadigd de eeuwen door is gekomen en qua structuur nooit substantieel is gewijzigd. Natuurlijk heeft Rome ook nog wel andere gebouwen uit de Romeinse…

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Rome: Ara Pacis Augustae

The Ara Pacis Augustae – the Altar of Augustan Peace – is what one could call a monument in the wrong place. The large open-air altar is not in its original position. It can now be found next to the remains of the gigantic circular Mausoleum of Augustus, but it…

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Rome: The Pantheon

The Pantheon is one of Rome’s most famous landmarks. In its current form, it dates from the second century. What is special, is that it is still more or less in one piece and that it has never been substantially modified. Rome does have a few other buildings from the…

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Rome: Santa Maria in Aracoeli

It is not difficult to rattle off pages about the Santa Maria in Aracoeli. The church has a long history and it is chock-full of beautiful art. Although there are a lot of Baroque ornaments, the Santa Maria in Aracoeli is an interesting mix of medieval and more modern elements.…

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The Imperial Roman army

Although the Roman army had already been transformed from a conscript army into a professional fighting force during the Late Republic, we must credit Augustus with the creation of a professional standing army. In the year 6, he established the aerarium militare, the military treasury from which the soldiers were…

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Augustus and the Republic

The Principate After emerging triumphant from the Civil War, Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus created a system of government known as the Principate. It was based on the well-known Republican offices and institutions. The younger Caesar did not become dictator for life (dictator perpetuo), like his adoptive father – the Divine…

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