Rome: Santa Balbina

Getting to the church of Santa Balbina is fairly easy. The church is located on the eastern slope of the Little Aventine, overlooking the gigantic Baths of Caracalla. Actually getting into the church is a whole lot tougher. Apparently, people have been having difficulties with visiting the Santa Balbina for…

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Rome: Santa Pudenziana

De Santa Pudenziana, vlak bij de veel bekendere Santa Maria Maggiore, behoort tot de best bewaarde geheimen van Rome. De kerk is een verborgen juweeltje. Ze is een van de oudste in Rome en heeft een belangrijk en indrukwekkend apsismozaïek uit de late vierde of vroege vijfde eeuw. Toch lopen…

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Rome: Santi Cosma e Damiano

De broers Er is niet veel bekend over de levens van de tweelingbroers Cosmas en Damianus (Κοσμάς en Δαμιανός in het Grieks). Volgens de overlevering werden ze geboren in Arabië, waarmee waarschijnlijk Arabia Petraea is bedoeld, toen onderdeel van het Romeinse Rijk. Cosmas en Damianus werden allebei arts. Klaarblijkelijk waren…

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Matilo (Leiden)

People who almost 2.000 years ago took the Limes road from Praetorium Agrippinae and travelled east for some eight kilometres would eventually arrive at the next castellum protecting the Rhine border. According to the Peutinger Table (Tabula Peutingeriana), this castellum was called Matilo(ne), a name of unknown origin. The precise…

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The Annalist: The Years 122-121 BCE

Summary The popular assembly adopts the Lex Sempronia de provinciis consularibus, which stipulates that the Senate selects the consular provinces before the consuls themselves are elected (122 BCE); Gaius Gracchus is opposed by his colleague, the people’s tribune Marcus Livius Drusus (122 BCE); Gaius Gracchus’ proposal to grant citizenship to…

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The Annalist: The Years 120-118 BCE

Summary The people’s tribune Quintus Decius puts the former consul Lucius Opimius on trial for executing Gaius Gracchus’ supporters without trial; Opimius is acquitted (120 BCE); Gaius Marius is elected people’s tribune (120 BCE); A law tabled by the people’s tribune Lucius Calpurnius Bestia allows the former consul Publius Popilius…

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The Annalist: The Years 145-143 BCE

Summary The consul Quintus Fabius Maximus Aemilianus successfully campaigns against Viriathus, but fails to end the war against the Lusitanians (145-144 BCE); King Ptolemaios VI Philometor of Egypt defeats Alexander Balas, ruler of the Seleucid Empire; the latter is succeeded by Demetrios II Nikator; Ptolemaios himself succumbs to his injuries…

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The Annalist: The Years 142-140 BCE

Summary The consul Quintus Fabius Maximus Servilianus fights against Viriathus and the Lusitanians with mixed results (142-141 BCE); Scipio Aemilianus and Lucius Mummius Achaicus serve as censors (142-141 BCE); The new Jewish High Priest Simon confirms the treaty of friendship with the Romans (142 BCE); Viriathus is officially recognised by…

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